The Linux Page

Help other users realize that everything is possible, especially avoiding Windows for their own personal use.

Welcome to The Linux Page

Fox Trot by Bill Amend. Click to enlarge.
Click to enlarge

This site is a collection of my own work with Linux. Certain things are easy, others take time to decipher and if I ever need to repeat the work (which usually happens!), then I need to remember everything by memory or... have a site with all the steps taken and to take again.

The following are my most recent posts:

As I wanted to use SugarCRM on my new server, I looked into the Community Edition and apparently the company is not willing to convert their code so it works under PHP 7.

So that would not work on a newer system because the code uses quite a few forbidden mechanism (wrong class definitions, old defunct functions...) and that prevents to even instal the system on your machine.

Now, I have looked closer into it and I am getting a version that works pretty darn well already. I still have some issues here and there, but I think you can already make use of that version. Except for one thing which ...

In my development, once of the steps is to check the changes I made before I commit them.

To do so, I often use Meld.

Unfortunately, the preferences disappeared and it makes things harder to tweak large changes!

The fact is that my brain does not correctly support the Macintosh like Menu at the very top. (It's not just my brain, it's also the fact that when I move my mouse, it focuses windows automatically, which is the normal X-Windows behavior, and having the menus on the top is not acceptable in that case!)

You remove the menus at the top-right of the screen with:

sudo ...

The following command adds a rule to your iptable firewall:

iptables -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 255 -j ACCEPT

As we can see, the rule accepts protocol ICMP and uses ICMP type 255. Only, if you look for a list of valid ICMP types, 255 is not included.

The fact is that this rule actually says: accept any ICMP type. If you changed the ACCEPT with DROP, it would refuse all ICMP packets. In most cases, it is safe to accept ICMP packets since they do not divulge more information than necessary.

Note that in your firewall script, you may use "any" instead of 255. That will make it ...

In Ubuntu 16.04, I wanted to add a user cron file with crontab -e, which has a new behavior: the very first time, it asks you what editor you want to use (i.e. nano, vim, ...)

If you choose the wrong one, then next time it does not ask you, it remembers your choice forever, so you'll be stuck.

The nano editor is okay, but difficult to work with if you're used to something like vim.

The data actually gets saved in a hidden file of your home directory named .selected_editor.

# Generated by /usr/bin/select-editor

Mine was set to ...

Today we had a problem with a combo of website that we never tried to run together.

Looking into it, it was definitely a problem with SSL. However, Apache2 would tell us absolutely nothing about it. No error or access logs. I think this is because it would happen at the time Apache and the client negotiate the SSL connection and Apache does not report such problems (at least by default, it might in case you turn on some debug mode?)

We had two different settings for two websites using the snakeoil certificate (As we test on VM machines, we use the snakeoil certificate as an easy way to check ...

Today I got a really strange error. Part of the message was:

E: Encountered a section with no Package: header
E: Problem with MergeList /var/lib/apt/lists/<some name>
E: The package lists or status file could not be parsed or opened.

That seemed really bizarre. I had never seen such an error before...

So I searched for it and one thing to know is that the files under that directory are temporary, so you can actually delete them. apt-get knows how to regenerate them.

So in other words you can do something like this:

sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/<some file>
# or ...

Today I ran in a little bit of a problem with an new Cassandra node installation.

After the node was created, I ran nodetool and got this:

 $ bin/nodetool status
Datacenter: dc1
|/ State=Normal/Leaving/Joining/Moving
--  Address    Load       Tokens       Owns (effective)  Host ID   Rack
UN  219.83 KiB 256          0.0%              73bd8721  rack1

It took me a little while to find out that the problem was the IP address. Although it clearly says here, the cassandra.yaml configuration file had localhost.

I edited the ...

WARNING: This is actually wrong. The -F is a SEARCH feature. Not a way to recalculate the value on your own system. So you can verify that the value is the same in your database, but SSH already does that and shows you that terrible warning... so in effect it is the exact same command.

Whenever you connect to a computer with SSH, it gives you a fingerprint of the host.

Ever wondered how to check whether that fingerprint is a match? Yeah... I figured, 99% of us don't even know how to make sure that it is indeed a match.

There is the command line to generate that fingerprint:


Today I was testing a new intsallation that I prepared in the last month or so and once I hit Cassandra, I got this strange message:

   NoHostAvailable: ('Unable to complete the operation against any hosts',
   {<Host: dc1>: Unavailable('Error from server: code=1000
   [Unavailable exception] message="Cannot achieve consistency level ONE"
   info={\'required_replicas\': 1, \'alive_replicas\': 0, \'consistency\': \'ONE\'}',)})

I looked for a solution with Google but was not really able to find anything that ...

Since I have several computers running Ubuntu, I like to have them up to date, but it always takes a bit of time to download the new packages. I think those should be downloaded only once and then shared between all my computers (I also run VPS which can benefit from this sharing.)

So, I decided to finally look into it and the simplest was to install apt-cacher-ng on my main server:

sudo apt-get apt-cacher-ng

That's it for the main server (from what I've read, at least, although I am thinking that maybe we need to tell apt-get to check that cache first even on the main system?)


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