The Linux Page

Help other users realize that everything is possible, especially avoiding Windows for their own personal use.

Welcome to The Linux Page


Fox Trot by Bill Amend. Click to enlarge.
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This site is a collection of my own work with Linux. Certain things are easy, others take time to decipher and if I ever need to repeat the work (which usually happens!), then I need to remember everything by memory or... have a site with all the steps taken and to take again.

The following are my most recent posts:

Working on a PHP application setup, I stumble upon a problem. Going to the installation page, I got the dreadful error:

Forbidden

You don't have permission to access <root-path>/admin/install on this server.

Looking at the error logs, the only thing reported was:

client denied by server configuration

The fact is that Apache does not tell you which setting actually forbids the access. I guess that's because once it gets checked by Apache, it is a blend of all the settings and not a tree being followed.

Looking a round, and since I already had that error not too long ...

I work with Apache a lot. It is a really good web server that has many options and features. Unfortunately, maybe it has too many of them!

I ran in a problem where a notification from one server to another would fail with the following error:

[Fri Oct 11 19:43:50 2013] [error] [client 162.226.130.121] client denied by server configuration: <path to file>

Looking at the error, I was first thinking that my script was generating the error. The fact is that my script does not generate error 403. It has a 400 and 500 but not 403.

So looking at the error I thought, maybe that's an ...

As I was trying to remove some annoying entries in my Tripwire policy, I started getting errors. The first time I did not pay close attention, but the next day the policy had not changed! So I looked at it closer and noticed that if a file changed since the last update, then tripwire refuses to update the policy. That is, if the secure mode is set to high.

So to update my tripwire policy I was running:

sudo tripwire -m p -p /etc/tripwire/tw.pol --secure-mode low /etc/tripwire/twpol.txt

which now (at least since 13.04, maybe in 12.10?) means the secure mode is left alone and is marked as ...

My syslog was filled up with errors such as this one:

    Sep 27 00:58:42 halk postfix/error[16751]: 628254C02F0: to=<mo_fax@m2osw.com>,
    relay=none, delay=1.8, delays=0.06/1.6/0/0.14, dsn=4.4.1, status=deferred
    (delivery temporarily suspended: connect to mail.m2osw.com[69.55.231.156]:25:
    Connection timed out)

I've been wordering for a while, since I can use Thunderbird with a direct connection to my server, I was not too concerned, but tonight I really needed to support those emails because I have work to do that requires it.

Got NVG510 to setup?
Hacking my ...

I just upgraded from 12.04 to 12.10 and my desktop was fully reset to the defaults. Rather annoying.

The worst part is that I tried to do things such as reassigning the Alt-F1 and Alt-F2 keys and it did not work. Somehow the default Gnome keys remained in effect!

I found the solution on Ask Ubuntu.

gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.keybindings panel-main-menu "[]" # disable Alt+F1
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.keybindings panel-run-dialog "[]" # disable Alt-F2

Editing the preferences did not work at all.

Source: ...

I use VirtualBox and had a problem with copying files between my host (main computer on which you boot your computer) and the guests (virtual computer that you run on your host).

The fact is that it is all explained right here:

http://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch04.html#sharedfolders

There are a few steps as follow.

Install the Virtual Box Tools

Install the Virtual Box Tools (called Guest Additions) on your guest; these tools allow your guest to communicate with the host to allow files to be written in a directory on the host.

To install those, it should be as easy as using the ...

When moving a database from one computer to another, you've got to copy all the data.

For PostgreSQL, there is a pair of functions named pg_dump and pg_restore.

In most cases that works great, however, some systems may create things such as additional functions that will NOT make it across. I do not know how to get that to work (and maybe it works in newer version of PostgreSQL?)

In any event, in most cases the following commands are enough (I used them with Drupal websites and since they stopped using some of the definitions they have in the system.install file used on initialization, ...

I ran in a problem with tripwire, it did not want to generate the <hostname>.twd file under /var/lib/tripwire

I could see that because it reports, once a day, whether tripwire ran sucessfully or not. It was not and the main error was: the tripwire database does exist which is actually shown as:

### Error: File could not be opened.
### Filename: /var/lib/tripwire/<hostname>.twd
### No such file or directory
### Exiting...

That, in itself, looks easy to fix. So I ran tripwire --init and voià!

sudo tripwire --init

As usual, it print a few errors and ignored them.

As we are upgrading our server to jump from version 12.04 to 13.04, we encounter a few problems.

Two with Postfix, first the Postgrey port has changed. It was 60000 before, now it is 10023. Don't ask me... Anyway, that was the easy one.

The other problem was a relay error. I could send emails all I wanted, but not my partner who does not show his server as part of our Made to Order Software Corp. network. Relay is why a computer allows emails from server X to be sent to server Y through server Z. You are server Z, that's the relay.

The fact is that if you can log in your account on ...

As I was moving my Drupal 6.x websites from an old server to a new one, I decided to make use of the newest PostgreSQL database system because over time I've notice quite a few things that got fixed and thus it is a lot better! (It is not as exciting as moving from 7.4 to 8.0 way back then, but still!)

Doing so, my Drupal site started showing WSOD (White Screens Of Death). Looking at the errors in my apache2 logs, I noticed that the error was in link with the cache. Looking closer, I could see that the cache (one of the only table doing so) makes use of the %b flag which means blob. It ...

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