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Upgrade from Ubuntu 9.10 to 10.04

Today I did an upgrade of a server from 9.10 to 10.04. We were on a server version before upgrading to 9.10 but we could not directly upgrade to 10.04 (working upgrade paths are very specific; see a list here: )

The most surprising part was the python script at the end.

  /usr/bin/python /tmp/unique-folder/lucid --mode=server --frontend=DistUpgradeViewText

The command line itself is not specifically strange. However, the behavior at the end of the script is a bit strange, mainly because I hadn't see it before. Last time the upgrade was

pg_upgradecluster to move clusters between versions

Until now, I only had to upgrade my PostgreSQL databases between computers so I would pg_dump + pg_restore the databases.

However, PostgreSQL offers a tool named pg_upgradecluster that does that work for you, plus it will copy all the different things that pg_dump doesn't always catch such as functions, existing users, etc.

This sounds all good...

So I ran it against our cluster of 298 databases and got a little surprise: it takes about 10 minutes to run on one database, whatever its size. Yes! 10 minutes. Our big database has over 1 million rows, the smallest have a few hundred. Impressive

The certificate is not trusted because it is self signed.

Connection problem with Shredder

Today I got a little surprised by Shredder (the base used to build Thunderbird.)

Somehow, the certificates for my mail server had reached maturation (i.e. it was showing an end date as of today.)

On each connection to the server I would get the following error:

<name>: uses an invalid security certificate
The certificate is not trusted because it is self signed.
(Error code: sec_error_ca_cert_invalid)

Interestingly enough, I search on this error and mainly found things about FireFox and SeaMonkey instead of Thunderbird (and nothing about

Implementation of a secure log in via HTTP[S]

The following is a list of points one wants to follow in order to create a log in form and the necessary code in the backend.

Generate a secure Log In form (session id)

Each time you create a Log In form (or any form if that matters,) you should include a hidden session identifier in it. This will help you prevent users from posting to your server without first loading the form. This alone already prevents a large number of robots from flooding your server with totally useless POST commands1

  • 1. If you know why they do that, let me know because there is really no reason to send totally ...

Error: this.table.tBodies is undefined

Today I got this error which surprised me for a little while. I was pretty sure I had it before, but could not find a reference, so I decided to put it here for sure this time!

Error: this.table.tBodies is undefined
Source File:
Line: 516

Whenever I create a table in Drupal and the elements can be sorted, I like to use the drupal_add_tabledrag() feature. This function first parameter is the name of the table to drag. I was totally sure I had it right but it just kept giving me that error, over and over again

Terminal prints ^C when hitting Ctrl-C on command line or running process

As anyone else, I use Ctrl-C all the time.

I start writing something in my terminal and it's not what I needed, I hit Ctrl-C to Cancel that line.

This is the same as the Ctrl-C to Cancel a program. In that case it sends a SIGINT to the running process (this assumes that you are running a process that did not detach itself from your console.)

Although on the command line I often do that because I want to keep what I just typed right there on the screen because I will use it, just not right now. And when a ^C is printed in there, that's just really not practical!?

It looks like this started

Installing Hylafax

Installation of HylaFAX

Installing Hylafax on Ubuntu 10.04 (and also some things to do on Ubuntu 10.10 and 11.04...).

As I'm installing Hylafax I'm writing the steps I'm taking in case I need to do it twice...

First, install the client and server on your server, and the client application on all other machines that needs access to the Hylafax server.

    sudo apt-get install hylafax-client hylafax-server

The server will be started automatically on installation. However, it won't be setup for your modem...

Modem Setup for HylaFAX to use

You want to add the modem ...

Attack by Bots

Since the ZmEu attack, I've been watching my logs a little closer. I also found a page that I could not read (but Google could and was kind enough to provide a cached version.) That page listed many bots that are not nice bots. So? I decided to block some of them, especially those that use very bad URLs or load many pages too quickly.

The result is that I'm getting more and IP addresses in my firewall. Although they get removed in a schedule that I will not state here, I can tell you that each time I block tenth when not hundredth of useless hits (worst than that at times those could be

Time Machine... To go back in time with a click!

A long time ago, I got ... and I created a website (you know a 1.0 kind of a website.) It look like an abomination, and I would have prefered to lose it...

Well... there are time machines that are not perfect but will show you some of the pages of my company's website from way back (it started in 2001).*/

And, please, don't laff! Okay... whatever... Hey! Stop it! Or write a comment below, I'd like your input...

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    Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure—The protocol used by browsers to communicate to web servers securely. The security is done with similarly to SSH. The transfer uses FTP like commands, but only one connection. Since HTTP 1.1 it is also possible to reuse the same connection for multiple files (pages, images, videos, etc.)

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