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language

In computing, a language is a lexicon and grammar enabling a programmer to write software. There are interpreted and compiled languages. When compiling the computer transform the instructions of a program into instructions that the processor can execute natively.

Recover name of message registered with RegisterWindowMessage()

Today I was confronted with an error in a process that would run in the background and slowly fill up the Windows message queue when it should have been dormant.

I looked at the messages that were being processed once the process woke up and the message number was 0xC10C or so. Nothing in the software has such a number. So I looked around and found out that the message was one of those created using the RegisterWindowMessage() function. (This is wrong in that application since the messages are never used from external applications, but oh well... that does not change the basic problem.)

So, ...

no talloc stackframe at ../source3/param/loadparm.c:4864, leaking memory

As I upgrade to 14.04, I started seeing this error in my console:

no talloc stackframe at ../source3/param/loadparm.c:4864, leaking memory

Quite cryptic if you ask me, but the "leaking memory" did sound bad.

The error would in particular appear when I used sudo for whatever reason, for example:

sudo iptables -L -nvx

So... something to do with sudo?

I found the answer on the Ubuntu forum. The solution is to turn off a feature of samba. Run the samba setup tool in your console:

sudo pam-auth-update

That opens a curses window in your console. You should then see an option ...

[ODBC Driver Manager] Data source name not found and no default driver specified

As I was working on a MS-Windows installation, I ran in this weird error: Data source not found and no default driver specified...

This was output when I was running the following in a command line prompt:

osql -E

The result should have been an MSSQL prompt instead!

The problem on the computer was that I uninstalled MSSQL 2005 that was automatically installed by Visual Studio C++ and was not compatible with our application, so I first uninstalled that but that uninstallation is really not proper. It leaves a LOT of things behind.

After that I installed MSSQL 2014 which was reported as ...

The for() in C, C++, Java, PHP, JavaScript...

As I am working on my as2js compiler, I stumble on a couple of problems with the for() loop parsing because of the in keyword. That made me think and the for() statement was actually a very funny one. Yes! You can actually write something like this and it compiles:

int zero;
for(3;2;1) zero;

As you can see, all 3 entries in the for() statement are valid expressions and therefore the compiler can compile that code. This creates a loop that runs forever, similar to:

for(;;) zero;

but much less clear to read, obviously.

Now that's food for thought, isn't it?

In JavaScript, you ...

#PCDATA and DTDs

If you are like me and write DTDs to check your XML files to make sure you don't have too many mistakes in them, then you probably have had this problem before.

The #PCDATA has a very special behavior and it is really restrained as follow:

  • #PCDATA must appear at the start
  • #PCDATA must be repeated from zero to infinity, so only * work with it
  • #PCDATA cannot be used with sub-groups (things between parenthesis)

Something like this:

<!ELEMENT Z (P | (#PCDATA | A | B | C)* | Q)+>

does not work because you use + and #PCDATA is within a sub-group.

What you need ...

Console color: dark blue on black unreadable

As I work in consoles every now and then, I run in that one problem:

Some text is written in Dark Blue over the Black background:

This is a good example of what I'm talking about.

And if you can read that text, wow! (without selecting it first.

So... how could you change the color of that blue to make it readable? There is a way by sending some escape command to the console:

echo -e "\\e]R\\e]PC6495ed"

That command changes the color of the blue to a light blue (somewhat "cyan", although not light cyan.)

The "\\e]R" part is to reset the colors to ...

Debug and/or Release specific command line option in cmake

Today I ran in a problem with cmake which was to very simply select /MT instead of /MD for a small set of projects. The problem is that so far this feature was at least on a per directory basis. Since the exact same directory is used to build the dynamic (DLL) and static (.lib) libraries, having two directories is not exactly an option here.

set ( CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE} /MT" )
set ( CMAKE_C_FLAGS_RELEASE "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE} /MT" )
set ( CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_DEBUG "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE} /MTd" )
set ( CMAKE_C_FLAGS_DEBUG ...

Very Sleepy CPU Profiler written in C/C++

When running a process under MS-Windows, it is at times rather difficult to find a problem caused by some slowness in your code, especially when it is not expected to be slow.and you do not get any kind of feedback from your software outside of the slowness itself.

When that happens a good way to find the problem is to use a profiler. Under MS-Windows, you have quite a few choices, but in most cases I've seen rather complicated solutions. Today I was told to check in Very Sleepy which I downloaded very quickly, installed very quickly, and ran very quickly., Also it did not give me the ...

Doxygen does not generate documentation for my C functions (or any global function)

As I write programs, mainly in C++, I document them using the Doxygen tool. This is a very powerful parser that is capable to finding functions, variables, macros, and many other things in the source code and attach the corresponding documentation to those functions, variables, macros, etc.

This is extremly practical when creating large projects or libraries that you want to share with others.

One problem though, by default it seems like global functions (and thus C functions) and variables do not make it to the documentation, when C++ classes work fine.

There are two potential issues:

...

Upgrading Ubuntu to use NVidia

IMPORTANT NOTE

These are instructions for Ubuntu 10.10 and these worked in Ubuntu 12.10 (which I have now). It may break in the future though.

I generally install my Ubuntu systems using the Server version of Ubuntu because it tends to works a lot better. The result is that I don't get all the Desktop features installed by the installer. That prevents me from installing the NVidia driver automatically.

The newest drives for X.org make use of some source for the client-side driver and that requires you to install the linux source code and headers. I'm wondering if each time we ...

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